It would be irresponsible to deny that the current socio-political structures all over the globe have been majorly influenced by European colonialism.

From the acceptance of English as the only international language to the adoption of western clothing in almost every country around the world, imperialism has been knitted into the very fabric of global culture, despite its decline happening more than half a century ago. Smaller nations might have accepted these influences due to their dependence on the superpowers, but the most indirect influence can be seen in the two most populated countries of the world: India and China.


From Blues to Rock to Indian Classical, the Beatles were masters of versatility.

With an unsurmountable record of 183 million units of albums sold, the Beatles are undoubtedly the most successful musical artists of all time — and it seems like the record is impossible to break. They appeared in the music scene when British influence in popular music was diminishing and along with the Rolling Stones, brought about what we now know as the ‘British Invasion’. This term is a reference to the cultural phenomena from the 60s when pop and rock music from the UK became exceptionally popular…


‘Survival of the fittest’ — this is the primary pillar of Charles Darwin’s evolutionary theory. The axiom can, however, misguide readers into interpreting a completely different meaning than what the theory intended. Leon C. Megginson, Professor of Management and Marketing at Louisiana State University at Baton Rouge, perhaps explained this misconception in the best manner possible when he wrote:

“According to Darwin’s Origin of Species, it is not the most intellectual of the species that survives; it is not the strongest that survives; but the species that survives is the one that is able best to adapt and adjust to…


Ever since the onset of civilised governance, regardless of it being a democracy or a monarchy, interest groups have advocated for a variety of regulations and privileges. They have pressured governments into enacting laws and taking strict measures, and many a times, into committing crime and carrying out genocides. Nevertheless, advocating for certain legislations is as much a part of our civilisations as something essential such as trading, maintenance of law and order, or provision of food and other supplies. …


The Age of Enlightenment was not just a period of great philosophical progress and debate, but also one that synthesized the different forms of popular government.

Arguably the most prevalent one today is constitutional democracy which was the final answer to the tyranny faced by the masses at the end of the Age of Enlightenment. One of the first official, governmental documents to outline the traits of a constitutional democracy was the Declaration of the Rights of Man, hence naturally, it encompasses a plethora of enlightenment ideals.

For the purpose of this analysis, the first article chosen is the sixth…


Innovative technologies are redefining the entire spectrum of how a variety of art forms are created and perceived. From the invention of multi-track recording to the much-debated use of auto-tune, technology has always had a massive impact in the field of music. However, recent inventions and creativity have led to a melange of visual arts and technology as well. The relationship between these entities incorporates instances where technology aides in creating art pieces, such as digital drawing pads, and examples where technology itself is the art, such as the ‘Assemblance’ which is a laser art showcase by London-based software and…


The entire process of human evolution has been an outcome of continuous learning and adapting. Our ancestors, the hunters and gatherers, had to educate themselves on new hunting mechanisms and tactics in order to feed themselves. They had to learn novel ways to build shelter for protection against foul weather and wild animals. During that time, the need to educate oneself was more in line with survival than increasing one’s intellect or gaining a desirable job, as is the case nowadays. However, this reason faded away as humanity progressed and formed civilizations. The need for survival was replaced by the…


It is the 21st Century and our problems are relative to the era we live in. In the age of quick information and fast food, it is only natural that many people are experiencing a massive flux of stressful thoughts and emotions. Disturbing visuals and news reports have become the staple diet for our intellectual appetites, and we all know that illness is inevitable if we do not maintain a balanced diet — for the body and for the mind. According to a 2017 study published in the reputed general medical journal The Lancet, “197·3 million people had mental disorders…

Karl Marx. Source:,h_1248,w_2220,x_0,y_0/f_auto,q_auto,w_1100/v1554927616/shape/mentalfloss/538466.marx2x.jpg

Political philosophers often leave ambiguous messages revealing the realities of our society and the ways to address them. Karl Marx was one such philosopher who, although he desired to change the entire structure of society and create a more egalitarian one, never really predicted a utopia awaiting humanity in the future as people generally credit him for. Instead, he warned society of the severe repercussions that will undoubtedly be caused by the ongoing capitalist production model. Marx was born in the house of Heinrich Marx, a Protestant lawyer who was a man of the Enlightenment, in the Kingdom of Prussia…


According to an article published in the Journal of Economic Perspectives, The Columbian Exchange is “ the exchange of diseases, ideas, food crops, technologies, populations, and cultures between the New World and the Old World after Christopher Columbus’ voyage to the Americas in 1492”[1].

This phenomenon, whose name was coined by Alfred Crosby[2], is considered to be one of the most exploratory historical events and it triggered Europe’s shift towards industrialization and capitalism. The threat of the Ottoman Empire and the barriers in the eastern trade routes caused by them motivated the European royalty and nobility for western exploration.


Shashwat Jha

25 years young musician, learner and wannabe political scientist. Follow Instagram for music updates: @shashjayy

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